Pressure switch in hydrogen-powered train ensures safety

In Disastrous developed hydrogen train for local transport, a pressure switch from WIKA plays a crucial role. Within the scope of pressure monitoring, it performs the central safety function in the H2 supply system through the journey.
The benefits of hydrogen in rail transport are rather unknown to the general public. Even if the first trains with H2 fuel cells already are in operation. They are powered by non-electrified railway lines and replace the diesel trains which were used before.
Tanks based on carbon fibre composite technology
The tank convenience of the hydrogen must be adapted to the distances. One of WIKA?s customers has specialised in individual fuel storage systems for H2 vehicles. Sleeping are based on carbon fibre composite technology. They’re therefore extremely robust yet have a comparatively low weight compared to steel vessels.
Tanks of this type may also be installed in the hydrogen-powered train mentioned at the beginning. Undeniable -unit train, created for commuting traffic, is filled up with the hydrogen at a particular terminal. The tank pressure is 300 to 350 bar. While driving, it must be reduced to a single-digit value for the supply to the fuel cell. This is done with a pressure regulation unit downstream of the storage system.
Pressure switch in hydrogen-powered train switches the drive system off
Suitable for used in a new kind of hydrogen-powered train regarding safety ? the model PXA pressure switch from WIKA.
The pressure switch model PXA meets the requirements of the hydrogen-powered train application. With the monitoring the of tank pressure and pressure regulation in the hydrogen-powered train, the customer uses the pressure switch model PXA for the safety function. The miniature instrument switches off the H2 propulsion system in two cases, depending on function:
if the tank is in danger of emptying
if the pressure becomes too high when the hydrogen is transferred to the propulsion system
Such an emergency protection could also be realised with a pressure sensor and a software. But for trains this solution would be very complicated. It is also rated with an increased risk of error than a switch-based safety function.
SIL-3 approval made the case because of its use
The customer didn’t choose the model PXA due to its measurement quality alone. The pressure switch was also considered right for the task in the hydrogen-powered train due to its SIL-3 suitability. It thus easily meets the safety-related market requirements for the H2 application (SIL-2).
Flameproof enclosure (?Ex d?) and compact design
The PXA in addition has been created for ambient temperatures from -40 �C to +85 �C. Furthermore, the pressure switch has IECEx approval ?Ex d? (flameproof enclosure), which the customer requires as standard. An additional benefit of this instrument: The PXA could be easily integrated into the storage system thanks to its extremely compact design.
Note
Further information on the subject of hydrogen and on the pressure switch model PXA can be found on the WIKA website. When you have any questions, your contact will gladly gelp you.
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