Gravimetric level measurement in vessels

In the pharmaceutical, building materials and food industries, on vessels and silos, on platforms and dosing systems, right up to kitchen and bathroom scales ? weight is measured everywhere. In industry, it becomes particularly interesting in terms of the level in vessels. There are many possibilities for weight measurement or weighing. The filling level can be determined optically, hydrostatically, by ultrasound, microwaves and radar, mechanically, capacitively, by heat dissipation, by displacement and resistance or, what this article is about, gravimetrically.
The term gravimetric is composed of the Latin ?gravitas? for ?gravity? and the Greek ??? ??????? for ?measure?. In gravimetric measurement, therefore, the heaviness of the mass is combined with weight force to create a meaningful value and therefore the level depends upon weighing vessels (the filling level results from the density of the medium and the geometry of the vessel). This makes gravimetric level measurement part of weighing technology.
Gravimetric level measurement is specially suitable when uneven distribution may appear within the vessels.
Gravimetric level measurement: Advantages
This type of weighing has several advantages. Possibly the greatest advantage is that the force transducers used for gravimetric level measurement can be found beyond your vessel. Thus, they don’t touch the product. Neither is it necessary to open or modify the vessels. Contamination can thus be eliminated. Cleaning can be much easier. Furthermore, very precise measurement can be done ? 0.02 % of the rated load is not uncommon with regards to relative linearity error. This makes dosing possible when, for example, food is filled into bags ? not to mention the packaging must contain the amount specified.
Another advantage is that the merchandise will not influence the measurement. The particular level could be determined gravimetrically for all contents ? solids, liquids, viscous substances, foaming substances ? even toxic or aggressive contents can be viewed as. Furthermore, the measurement isn’t falsified even though voids or uneven contents distribution occur in the silo or tank, as the entire contents are weighed.
Suitable mounting modules not merely make sure that the weight force is properly led in to the force transducers, in addition they make installation very easy. The module and force transducer have a low height and a small installation volume. However, it usually is problematic if the vessels are already permanently installed and can only be placed on modules with a great deal of effort. Then it really is probably advisable to bolt strain transducers to the supports. The strain transducers determine the compression of the supports caused by the weight of the contents. They thus make it possible to weigh immovable vessels gravimetrically.
Gravimetric level measurement: Disadvantages
The disadvantages of gravimetric level measurement vary in significance with regards to the application. Joyous are mainly distorted when force shunts can’t be prevented. Ideally, the vessel should be mechanically decoupled. Used, however, it can always happen that, for example, struts are essential. Then it depends on how great their supporting effect is. Similar problems can occur if the measurement is influenced by a high bearing weight. The lower the weight of the vessel compared to the product, the more accurate the gravimetric measurement. Finally, free-standing outdoor vessels can be affected by natural factors. For instance, if wind pushes or snow leads to a significant increase in weight.
Typical force transducers for the weighing of vessels
Single point load cells are classically used for scales. These not merely have a minimal price and high accuracy, but the weight can be determined reliably, regardless of where it is positioned on the platform. For optimal force introduction, bending or shear beams with the corresponding weighing modules are usually installed under tanks, silos or vessels that stand on supports. To look for the rated load of these force transducers, divide the full total weight of the vessel by the amount of supports. If the rated load exceeds 10 t, it is possible to switch to compression force transducers, the maximum capacity of which reaches up to 300 t. With four supports, vessels as high as 1,200 t could be weighed with the best accuracy. Alternatively, vessels could be suspended from S-type force transducers or fitted with strain transducers.
Note
Compromise can be measured in many different ways. Whether gravimetric as described, or with a submersible pressure sensor, float switch or pressure sensor ? Danger gets the right sensor for every application. Do you want to buy the products? In our WIKA online-shop you will discover a few of our standard designs. Should you have any questions, your contact will gladly assist you to.
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